Present Stative Verbs Simple vs Present Progressive Read John’s e-mail to Tom.
Subject: News from Berlin
Hi Tom, Berlin’s great but the weather’s awful. It’s raining again today and I hate it. I often think about you in Florida and I’m so jealous! Anyway, I’m studying for my exams these days and I haven’t got much free time. Tomorrow I’m taking my first big exam and I’m not really happy about that. However, the exams finish on 20th February and I’m thinking of inviting you over so that you can see what Berlin’s like. We should really meet up.
Write back soon, John
Now complete the sentences. 1. John doesn’t like the weather in Berlin.
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2. John is busy these days because he is studying for his exams
3. The 20th of February
is the last day of the exams.
4. John is thinking of inviting
Tom to visit him after the exams.
a Present Simple vs Present Progressive
FULL FORMS SHORT FORMS FULL FORMS SHORT FORMS
I am walking He/She/It is walking We/You/They are walking
FULL FORMS SHORT FORMS
I walk He/She/It walks We/You/They walk
I do not walk He/She/It does not walk We/You/They do not walk
I don’t walk He/She/It doesn’t walk We/You/They don’t walk
Questions Short Answers
Do I walk? Does he/she/it walk? Do we/you/they walk?
Yes, I do. Yes, he/she/it does. Yes, we/you/they do.
No, I don’t. No, he/she/it doesn’t. No, we/you/they don’t.
Am I walking? Is he/she/it walking? Are we/you/they walking?
I’m walking He/She/It’s walking We/You/They’re walking
I am not walking He/She/It is not walking We/You/They are not walking
I’m not walking He/She/It isn’t walking We/You/They aren’t walking
Questions Short Answers
Yes, I am. Yes, he/she/it is. Yes, we/you/they are.
No, I’m not. No, he/she/it isn’t. No, we/you/they aren’t.
We use the Present Simple:
• for habits or actions that happen regularly. I surf the Net every evening.
• for permanent states. He lives in Jeddah.
• for general truths. Tigers don’t live in Africa.
• for an action that takes place according to a schedule. The class finishes at 9 o’clock.
We use the Present Progressive:
• for actions that are happening now, at the moment of speaking. Ameer is talking on the phone at the moment.
• for temporary states. I’m staying at my cousin’s house these days.
• for future arrangements (we usually mention when).